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before planting or 6 months after The drip irrigation system ensures planting. Ultra high density field. In Australia, farmers have been using this system for about a decade, and have reported mango harvests as high as 20 tons per acre, doubling the production of the stand alone UHDP field. I started a You tube channel, The Mango Loa Project, and have uploaded 6 videos that go over the ultra high density plantation and the open Tatura trellis system. The … 5″ by 10′ posts and 3 1/2″ by 10′ posts were alternated in each row and set 40 feet apart. An intercrop distance of 8 meters is maintained as the saplings need space to grow and become trees. For this field, the primary design is the Horizontal Cordon, or the single leader. It is a little hard to have regular farm events and to get farmers to show up, but I have been able to visit three farms and consult with farmers about planting new fields using ultra high density plantation (UHDP) techniques. ... time and frequency of hedging determined for mango, which are common practices in Israel, USA, Australia and South Africa, can be used for increased efficiency and production in India. The majority of time is spent maintaining the ground cover and weeding around the trees, walking the field, pruning and training branches. Flower Farming. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. At this stage flowers are removed as soon as possible to keep the tree focused on growing wood and leaves. High Density Guava Plantation and Cultivation: You want to get more yields and profits in Guava Farming, then this is for you to know more about high density guava plantation and cultivation. Vegetable Farming. Bombay Green (Malda) This is one of the earliest varieties of North India, harvested by the end of June. Stand alone UHDP mango fields in India have reported harvests of 8 tons per acre, over double the global average of 3.5 tons per acre. 1122 Patapsco Building | University of Maryland | College Park, MD 20742-6715, Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education © 2021. Ultra high density plantation (UHDP) methods and the open tatura trellis system (OTTS) is the direction that the world’s tropical fruit farming is heading. Hawaii is in the process of rebuilding its agricultural industry. The spacing is 4 metres between rows and 2 metres between plants. The open tatura trellis system is planted in staggered double rows 20 inches apart. Open Tatura trellis field. 2019-38640-29881 with the University of Maryland to develop and disseminate information about sustainable agriculture. The collapse of the sugar plantation left a huge gap in agriculture and up until this time has yet to recover. Browse more videos. These are a couple of concerns that make tropical fruit farming in Hawaii prohibitive. Mango Farming Guide: Introduction of Mango Farming:- The mango is a juicy stone fruit and belong to the family of "Anacardiaceae" and genus of "Mangifera".... Read more. Just follow ultra high-density mango plantation & earn millions from it. next, the field was laid out with ten rows and thirty trees per row at an 8′ x 10′ spacing, each row is 250′ long. a couple people with trimmers can manage those small trees, but for those big tree plantations its a major undertaking, unless you have heavy machinery. The wire is coiled under tension,so a Spinning Jenny is required to dispense the wire. In order to address this legitimate concern, as farmers we have to incorporate new innovative techniques to reduce our reliance on chemicals. Year one  began by starting 600 seedlings of “common” mango. Each row of trellis is 260 feet long from anchor to anchor. Orchard management- An aspect of these two techniques is to lessen the demand on labor, while in India, using the uhdp method, they say that one person can manage up to 10 acres. As the branch grows laterally, the terminal bud is removed, when the branch flushes new growth, there will be 2 to 10 new branches, one branch will be selected to be the primary lateral growing branch, while one or two other shoots are left to form the sub-lateral branches,  all other shoots are removed. Invest 50,000 and earn 200,000 in 6 months in fish farming .Pond design for high density fish farming-Biofloc fish farming. The uhdp field, in the first two years of pruning and training has been fast and easy. Manure is applied 2 months ultra-high density orchards. Since then, Australia has dedicated a lot towards research and trials to improve and adapt the open Tatura trellis system for tropical fruits. This year I am opening up my farm to the nonprofit organization GoFarm Hawaii; this group trains aspiring farmers in the classroom and field. If there is no established leader, all the other branches will compete to become the leader and this will increase the vigor in the whole tree making it difficult to manage. This is overlaid with three feet wide black weed mat. the first lateral branches are tied down on the first wire, the leader is on the second wire, trellis clips and vinyl tape are used to attach the branches to the wire, the graft point is too high and the branch cannot be tied to the first wire, leaving the tip of the lateral branch untied and upward facing is important for proper growth. Dashehari This is the mid season mango variety ripens in first half of July and is most popular in North India. I will attend the Waipa Mango Festival and the Hawaii tropical fruit growers conference, where I will continue to promote the project. Posts were set 24 inches deep, with the tops of the posts being eight feet above the ground. USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer. This project will cover the first three years, beginning with the installation and following the pruning and training demands leading up to the start of production at three years. I am currently half way through planting the field. My next field day is scheduled for the end of January , where the topics will be UHDP year two and the most important tasks and a demonstration on the open tatura trellis system (OTTS); there is a lot of interest on this topic. lndia. I believe the difference between these two systems, in the time it takes to prune and train the trees, will be less once the trees reach full size in the field and on the trellis. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. The idea behind the increased density and the short trees is to lessen the demand on labor, while maximizing the use of available land and resources. Introduction: Hello fruit farmers, we are back with an excellent infromation of mango cultivation income, project report, yield per acre, profits per acre and cost of cultivation of mango farming.Mango (Mangifera indica) belongs to the family Anacardiaceae.It is also called as king of fruits. High Density Planting in Mango Plantation. At this point, it is tying the trees onto the wire that is most time consuming, and by the third year, training will be done, and pruning will be for excessive growth and sub-laterals. UHDP is very similar to the standard mango orchard except that ten times the amount of trees are planted in the same area. At this point, the terminal bud is removed, which will force multiple buds to flush, thickening the canopy. 2. What is important in this kind of ultra high-density planting is proper crop management. Ground anchors are required for each end of the rows that will be the main support for carrying the weight of the trees and fruit to come. For the third and final year, We have a field day coming up in the spring, by then there should be fruits on the trees and with the trellised field we will continue to go over the demands of pruning and training in the first 3 years of planting. A mini excavator was used to dig the holes at 2′ x 2′ width and depth. Ultra High Density plantation in Mango is possible with 3*2 Mts distance and 675 plants per acre. Intensification of tropical tree crops is a new and expanding area of research in Australia and overseas. The first goal is to set a single trunk at 3 feet. The open Tatura trellis system is demonstrated on a 1/2 acre of land by planting 300 mango trees on five rows of trellis. The work is easy, but it takes time to selectively prune and thin out new growth. Where it was first developed is hard to pinpoint, but India, Australia, Israel, South Africa, and China are a few of the countries that utilize this method for mango production. In this Article we will discuss Mango Cultivation in Ultra High Density Mango Plantation Mango occupied a pre-eminent place amongst the fruit crops grown in... Phalsa Cultivation. UHDP method, while improving per acre … When the leader reaches the next wire, it is topped, and with the new growth, a new leader is established and again branches are trained to grow laterally on each side of the leader, all other branches are removed. Polyembrionic seeds are also clonal, in that they are identical, which will give the orchard uniformity because all the seedlings are the same. Each row of trellis has 30 trees on each side, with 60 trees per row times 5 rows for a total of 300 trees on a 1/2 acre field. Harvesting will be conducted by hand reducing the risk of damage and improving the quality of the fruit. The pulp is deep yellow, firm and fiber less. Mango Farming Information Guide. We started our mango planting on Oct 11, 2011 and once again the sun god was cooperative enough to make the process fairly comfortable. For this project, the ground anchors were made out of concrete and chain. In Hawaii, mangoes sell for $1.00/lb to $2.50/lb, depending on the season, making it a reasonable expectation to gross $20,000 per acre. Nearly 700 trees are planted in an acre instead of the traditional process of planting 60 trees in an acre. I will make more videos showing the progress of the two styles. However the shorter time to production and the higher yields will allow for a quicker and greater return on the investment over the standard orchard system. Under the ultra high density method, the mango trees will be planted closer together with lesser space left than in the high density and normal method of cultivation. SARE Outreach operates under cooperative agreement award No. high density mango orchard. Two bags of 80 pound Quickcrete was used per hole. Mango can be grown in a wide range of soils except clayey or extremely sandy or rocky calcareous, alkaline or water logged soils. : Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or SARE. Canopy maintenance is limited and pest and disease management is very difficult. The otts field uses a lot of trellis clips and vinyl tape for training the trees along the trellis, which is another costs that adds up when dealing with 600 trees per acre. It is the sub-lateral branches that are pruned back each year to maintain the tree with in its space. Five rows have been laid out, each row has 240 feet of trellis to plant on, with two lines of 1/2 inch poly tubing and 2 gallon/hour drip emitters every 8 feet, one emitter per tree. Year 1. If we can extend the project for another three years that will show production, we will be able to evaluate the yields and quality of fruit these two systems produce. However, extra care is to be taken i.e, more inputs required, regular pruning, after 15-20 years one middle tree can be removed and till then get the benefit of yields. Because these two orchard management systems are relatively new, there is very little data on production. Lets talk about the cultivation practices for Ultra High Density mango plantation. The post holes were dug with a gas powered ground drill and that was essential for the job, hand digging the holes would be very labor and time intensive. Spectrum, Vol 5 (1- 4) 2016. Did this project contribute to a larger project? AgricultureDotPk. Through trials done in India and Australia, we know that mango trees thrive under heavy pruning and aside from lessening the demand on labor, there was also an increase in yield and quality of the fruit, increasing production to 8 to 12 tons per acre, while shortening the time to maximum production from 7 to 10 years to three years. I attended two conferences; the Hawaii tropical fruit growers conference in Kona, where I displayed my project as well as talked about high density farming; and the Hawaii agriculture conference on Oahu, where I did a Power Point presentation with the topic of “Hawaii’s Fruitful Future” to talk about how we can improve Hawaii’s tropical fruit industry. admin-September 10, 2019 0. The ultra high density plantation (UHDP) method has been in use for around a decade. Over 25,000 farmers on Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka will get mentorship from Project Unnati in going for Ultra High Density Mango Plantation (UHDP). The one event I attended that was a discussion on the topic showed that a good number of farmers want to incorporate these techniques on their farms, but need to see more examples before they commit to the financial investment of planting orchards using UHDP and open tatura trellis systems. This is simply because of the number of trees in the high density systems, 600 trees per acre versus 50 trees per acre. This was another great opportunity to meet farmers throughout the state, where I was able to display a poster of the project and talk about the things I’ve been doing. Pruning the uhdp field requires a little more thought and strategy, because of the importance of branch placement as well as optimal angles for best support. Alongside these insects are the birds that can decimate an entire orchard. 5 years ago | 1.8K views. Because of that, the focus is mainly on the cost of production, installation of these two techniques, and the demand on labor to implement these orchard management styles. Ultra High Density Plantation (UHDP) Versus Open Tatura Trellis System (OTTS). In ancient plantations, the all-India average yield of mangoes is a pair of 2.5-3 tonnes per acre annually. responsibility over the next year is to train and prune the trees to get the desired shape. High density plantation helped to get significantly higher yield per unit area compared to the normal spacing, without affecting size and quality of mango fruits. So, there is real incentive to raising and grafting your own trees. Year one pruning was fast and easy, taking 0 to 30 seconds per tree or 2 to 3 hours to prune the entire field. However, There will always be skeptics to major changes and a lot of farmers are waiting to see what the production is like before they will commit the time and money to change over to a new system. Follow. However, the cost for the materials needed to make your own grafted trees come up to around $2.80 per tree and the 18 months process it takes to grow and graft the trees. Tropical fruits is in high demand and Hawaii’s farmers are trying to meet the need. They visit farms to volunteer and get hands on experience, this year my farm will be one of the participating farms. Ultra-high density plantations Fig. The first pruning is at the height of or a couple inches below the first wire. Making a template to follow when auguring the holes is essential to getting the right angle when setting the posts. Another method of pruning utilizes a tractor attachment with rotating blades which allows for mechanical pruning; this method is very fast and efficient, but also very cost prohibitive. Below is a list top 10 hybrid mango varieties which are the sweetest mango in the world. I also consulted with two farmers in Florida, on the phone and email, one on the installation of the open Tatura trellis system and one on implementing the ultra high density plantation system. I began by planting all four sides, then I planted a row in the middle to use as site points to try to line up the trees. Final Book National Conference June 2018.pdf, CITRUS REJUVENATION IN NE REGION OF INDIA, Rejuvenation of Senile Horticultural Plantations for Improved Productivity and Quality, ABSTRACTS HortFlora Res. There is a good number of Hawaii farmers following along with a lot of interest. All of these things add up to a lower quality fruit, a greater cost of production, and a longer wait for the orchard to begin producing. A total of 10 acres was planted using this innovative cultivation technique promoted by Jain irrigation. The anchors should be set an equal distance away from the post as it is tall, so my posts are 8 feet tall and the anchors are set 8 feet away from the post.There are many different designs for ground anchors, from large screw shaped rods that are drilled in the ground or a flat steel plate attached to a rod and buried three feet deep. The branch will then flush new growth, after the third flush it should be between 18 inches to 30 inches. Grafting began after the flowering season, which in Hawaii is about March, and continued from March to September, until there was 350 grafted mango trees. One tour was with a local high school’s agriculture program and one group was a mix of people from USDA and NRCS. The most useful outreach tool at this point has been Facebook, where I created a group “The Mango Loa Project”, and have been chronicling its’ progress. The posts are set at a 72 degree angle, which has been determined to be the best angle for optimal light distribution from the bottom of the tree to the top. The trees are long lived, often over 100 years while still producing fruit. Field preparation began by hiring a bulldozer to clear the field of brush and grass. Through the group, I have also been able to reach people all over the world. I will continue to have farm tours for any interested farmers and continue looking for outreach opportunities. A wire basket was made with concrete mesh and a 12 inch piece of 5/8 inch rebar with 5/8 inch by four feet long chain attached and placed within the basket to add strength to the concrete. Improving Hawaii’s mango industry by introducing and comparing two innovative techniques that have increased yields and quality of the fruit while improving on efficiency and management of the orchard. But, once the tree fills in the space on the trellis, no more trellis clips are required. If you miss pruning a flush of growth and there is a second flush,  you will have to prune back two sections. Grafting was used for propagation; cleft grafting was used if the scion wood matched the rootstock and side grafting was used if they were different sizes. When examining the cost for the materials needed to install one acre of mango using ultra high density plantation (UHDP)methods, it comes to $6,084. Under UHDP, Mango is planted at 3×2 m which accommodates 674 plants per acre. Once this year’s field is planted I will have the data needed to do a detailed cost analysis of the UHDP vs. open tatura trellis system vs. traditional orchard layout. The sub-lateral branches are established with each new flush, every 6 to 10 inches, and this is where most of the flowers and subsequent fruit will develop. Mango trees are vigorous upward growing trees. When grafting trees, it becomes essential to have the graft point below 18 inches, preferably lower, or the tree will be too tall to get the branches trained along the first wire. Dept. Fruits are medium sized with pleasant flavour, sweet and fibrous pulp. Pruning and training begins immediately. This brings the height of the tree to five feet. This project evaluates the costs of installation per acre, the expected return on investment, potential increase of production, labor demands, and orchard maintenance. Planting is done on a cool day effective water management in ultra-high and preferably in the evenings and density mango. We also demonstrated the open Tatura trellis field, going over the installation of the trellises and the basics of the open Tatura trellis system. Both methods produced excellent results. Ultra high density plantation (UHDP) techniques for mango will be demonstrated by planting 310 trees on a 1/2 acre of land. … New shoots are thinned down to three and will become the scaffold branches, The end result of the field planting was 10 rows with 31 trees per row. Cost of Installation-  The most obvious difference between these two techniques is the cost of installation. Sadly, two events scheduled last year were canceled due to the severe flooding on the North side of the island that forced the cancellation of the mango festival and a scheduling conflict interfered with the Kauai farm and garden fair. If left unpruned, trees will grow between 60 and 100 feet tall in 25 years. Pruning, while labor intensive, require nothing more than clippers and a hand saw. "Under ultrahigh-density farming, mango trees are grown in rows at the distance of 4x2 metres from one another. If the production of these two systems are about the same, then I would be more inclined to moving forward with the uhdp system, because of the difference in the cost of installing the trellises. In according to the climatic conditions, lots of mangoes type are present in the world. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) has established a 1.5 acre demonstration plot for Ultra High Density Planting (UHDP) of mango in the … I had my first field day in May, where I presented my project and hosted a grafting workshop to 25 attendees, which for Kauai Island is a pretty large number. the most developed trees in this field are now at this stage. A fact sheet was distributed at this event. I am currently scheduled to be a presenter at both events later this year. Once a row was back filled, 1/2″ black tubing was laid down and covered with three foot wide black ground cover. Playing next. This project was focused on mangoes, but here in Hawaii we can grow all tropical fruits and these two systems have increased the production with other fruits. The method also decreases the time it takes to bring new mango plantings to maturity. You can get dashehari mang… establishing the leader will reduce the vigor in the other branches. Reducing labor costs and the need for expensive special equipment, while increasing production through better practices, will go a long way in improving the sustainability of Hawaii’s farmers. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. The yield is additionally approach higher in ultra high-density plantations because of tight spacing of hybrid mango trees as compared to ancient plantations. There was 28 participants for this field day, with over half being farmers. It is pretty clear that this generation of consumers do not like chemicals sprayed on their fruits and vegetables. 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